The United Nations recognizes the importance of addressing the global water crisis each year on World Water Day, March 22. For years, the Lebanese government, civil society, academia, and international partners have examined how best to solve the country’s water crisis. Inadequate management of water resources, whether it be for agriculture - using 70% of the world’s accessible freshwater - industrial activities or domestic use, causes a lot of wasted water. Water stress results from an imbalance between water use and water resources. Due to the pressure on the Aral Sea, half of its superficy has disappeared, representing 2/3 of its volume. (Source: Shiklomanov, 1999) It is all the more critical that increased water use by humans does not only reduce the amount of water available for industrial and agricultural development but has a profound effect on aquatic ecosystems and their dependent species. Another solution to the water scarcity crisis is to improve our attempts to recharge our groundwater. But the crisis is not about having too little water to satisfy our needs. This article shares insights into the Top 10 countries where the water crisis is worst. Water stress causes deterioration of fresh water resources in terms of quantity (aquifer over-exploitation, dry rivers, etc.) The pity is that each year, the rest of the water rushes off into the sea instead of being captured and re-channeled to people who can use it for drinking water. All rights reserved - Legal notices, Membership of the World Water Council is open to any organisation with an interest in water issues that accepts the missions and objectives of the World Water Council as defined in its Constitution and By-laws. Sources:. Warfare – Regional conflicts have arisen due to the loss of safe water sources.4. One of the main objectives of the World Water Council is to increase awareness of the water issue. Children are often responsible for collecting water for their families. It means reduced child and maternal mortality rates. Water should be recognized as a great priority. One of the Millenium Development Goals is to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation. Among the most compelling environmental issues of today and tomorrow are those concerning the world's fresh water resources. One must know that these figures represent only people with very poor conditions. Access to safe water and sanitation can quickly turn problems into potential – empowering people with time for school and work, and contributing to improved health for women, children, and families around the world. World Health Organization and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme. The water stress indicator in this map measures the proportion of water withdrawal with respect to total renewable resources. Every 2 minutes a child dies from a water-related disease. In the absence of strong institutions and agreements, changes within a basin can lead to transboundary tensions. Access to safe water and sanitation contributes to improved health and helps prevent the spread of infectious disease. It ranges between 20 % for basins with highly variable runoff and 60 % for temperate zone basins. In 2001, Unesco and Grenn Cross International have joined forces in response to the growing threat of conflicts linked to water. Within the next fifty years, the world population will increase by another 40 to 50 %. 3900 children die every day from water borne diseases (WHO 2004). The average woman in rural Africa walks six kilometres every day to haul 18kgs of water. The capital city of Mexico is home to about 21 million people which is about 20 percent of the entire country’s population. Instead of a trend towards war, water management can be viewed as a trend towards cooperation and peace. Peter H. Gleick's important new volume, Water in Crisis, addresses the timely and sometimes controversial aspects of world water use.At stake are water quality, quantity, and possible future conflicts over shared international water resources. However, changes in food habits, for example, may reduce the problem, knowing that growing 1kg of potatoes requires only 100 litres of water, whereas 1 kg of beef requires 13 000 litres. Water.org, Water has the power to change lives Trendrr, Top 10 Countries With Most Water Shortage In The World World Vision, Global water crisis: Facts, FAQs, and how to help International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Is Asia facing a coming water crisis? Access to safe water and sanitation at home turns time spent into time saved, giving families more time to pursue education and work opportunities that will help them break the cycle of poverty. The water crisis is a health crisis. Over 2 billion people live in countries experiencing high water stress today and the numbers will continue to increase. 13002 Marseille - France, Phone: +33 4 91 99 41 00 "Water is everybody's business" was one the the key messages of the 2nd World Water Forum. Although food security has been significantly increased in the past thirty years, water withdrawals for irrigation represent 66 % of the total withdrawals and up to 90 % in arid regions, the other 34 % being used by domestic households (10 %), industry (20 %), or evaporated from reservoirs (4 %). #10 – Afghanistan Droughts in Somalia.Water rationing in Rome. Fast facts: Global water crisis. The lack of water and sanitation locks women in a cycle of poverty. The water crisis impacts girls around the world Girls who lack access to safe water and sanitation at home or at school face significant challenges. (2012). Safe and readily available water is important for public health, whether it is used for drinking, domestic use, food production or recreational purposes. While the world's population tripled in the 20th century, the use of renewable water resources has grown six-fold. This population growth - coupled with industrialization and urbanization - will result in an increasing demand for water and will have serious consequences on the environment. To that aim, several measures should be taken: As far as transboundary conflicts are concerned, regional economic developement and cultural preservation can all be strengthened by states cooperating of water. The Water Project is an organization that is helping communities in sub-Saharan Africa gain access to clean drinking water. See how the water crisis affects children and their education >. The value of this criticality ratio that indicates high water stress is based on expert judgment and experience (Alcamo and others, 1999). A regional water crisis, often triggered by drought, can result in famine, forced migration, and other humanitarian emergencies. “Children: Reducing Mortality.” World Health Organization, Sept. 2016. The World Water Council is an international multistakeholder platform organization whose mission is to mobilize action on critical water issues at all levels, including the highest decision-making level, by engaging people in debate and challenging conventional thinking. Over 2 billion people live in countries experiencing high water stress. Hutton. Water Crisis Water is Life Water is an essential part of our everyday life. Below are the effects of water crisis on us.1. The misuse of water resources is another big issue leading to water scarcity. The condition is deteriorating in a way that people only receive water once a week from a truck for which they have to pay. Globally, 844 million people lack access to clean water. Not just this, the people also have to wait in a queue for hours, sometimes overnight out o… Mexico is one of those countries that is experiencing some serious water crisis in the world. There is the same amount of freshwater on earth as there always has been, but the population has exploded, leaving the world's water resources in crisis. Water connects every aspect of life. Already there is more waste water generated and dispersed today than at any other time in the history of our planet: more than one out of six people lack access to safe drinking water, namely 1.1 billion people, and more than two out of six lack adequate sanitation, namely 2.6 billion people (Estimation for 2002, by the WHO/UNICEF JMP, 2004). decentralise the responsibility for water; 1.1 billion people live without clean drinking water, 2.6 billion people lack adequate sanitation (2002, UNICEF/WHO JMP 2004). 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