Chile Post | In Chile, for example, verbal voseo is much more common than the actual use of the pronoun vos, which is usually reserved for highly informal situations. Some instances of the mid vowels /e/ and /o/, determined lexically, alternate with the diphthongs /je/ and /we/ respectively when stressed, in a process that is better described as morphophonemic rather than phonological, as it is not predictable from phonology alone. College 1,816,773 Spanish + 1,200,000 Spanish creole: The figure of 2 900 000 Spanish speakers is in. Live-Radio.net From Basque esku, "hand" + erdi, "half, incomplete". Article III reads as follows: El castellano es la lengua española oficial del Estado. According to the theories of Ramón Menéndez Pidal, local sociolects of Vulgar Latin evolved into Spanish, in the north of Iberia, in an area centered in the city of Burgos, and this dialect was later brought to the city of Toledo, where the written standard of Spanish was first developed, in the 13th century. Spanish is also used in administration in the state of New Mexico. In modern Spanish, there is no difference between the pronunciation of orthographic b and v, with some exceptions in Caribbean Spanish. 10. Spanish is classified by its rhythm as a syllable-timed language: each syllable has approximately the same duration regardless of stress.[71][72]. Space This too tended to assimilate with modern Spanish, during the Spanish occupation of the region. During Spanish colonization (1565–1898), it was the language of government, trade, and education, and was spoken as a first language by Spaniards and educated Filipinos. (vos), volved! The use of the pronoun vos with the verb forms of tú (vos piensas) is called "pronominal voseo". : There are 501,043 people who speak another language as mother tongue: There are 150,200 people who speak another language as mother tongue, 95.10% of the population speaks Spanish (. Notice that this negative meaning also applies for Latin sinistra(m) ("dark, unfortunate"). [10][11][12][13] It has also been influenced by Basque, Iberian, Celtiberian, Visigothic, and other neighboring Ibero-Romance languages. Under the leadership of UNESCO, the IYL 2015 brought together hundreds of national and international … [16] Alongside English and French, it is also one of the most taught foreign languages throughout the world. The Diccionario panhispánico de dudas (a language guide published by the Royal Spanish Academy) states that, although the Royal Spanish Academy prefers to use the term español in its publications when referring to the Spanish language, both terms—español and castellano—are regarded as synonymous and equally valid. Diario Financiero (Santiago) LL In the twentieth century, Spanish was introduced to Equatorial Guinea and the Western Sahara, and to areas of the United States that had not been part of the Spanish Empire, such as Spanish Harlem in New York City. Most of the grammatical and typological features of Spanish are shared with the other Romance languages. The Spanish phonemic inventory consists of five vowel phonemes (/a/, /e/, /i/, /o/, /u/) and 17 to 19 consonant phonemes (the exact number depending on the dialect[69]). Spanish is spoken by very small communities in Angola due to Cuban influence from the Cold War and in South Sudan among South Sudanese natives that relocated to Cuba during the Sudanese wars and returned for their country's independence. The loanwords were taken from both Classical Latin and Renaissance Latin, the form of Latin in use at that time. [21], Different etymologies have been suggested for the term español (Spanish). [236] Conversely, in Portugal the vast majority of the Portuguese Jews converted and became 'New Christians'. [61], Aside from standard Spanish, a Spanish-based creole language called Chavacano developed in the southern Philippines. Radio Cooperativa, Reference The indicative mood is the unmarked one, while the subjunctive mood expresses uncertainty or indetermination, and is commonly paired with the conditional, which is a mood used to express "would" (as in, "I would eat if I had food); the imperative is a mood to express a command, commonly a one word phrase – "¡Di! [73][74] There are no syntactic markers to distinguish between questions and statements and thus, the recognition of declarative or interrogative depends entirely on intonation. The situation is similar for ⟨ll⟩.[237][238]. Most speakers use (and the Real Academia Española prefers) the pronouns lo and la for direct objects (masculine and feminine respectively, regardless of animacy, meaning "him", "her", or "it"), and le for indirect objects (regardless of gender or animacy, meaning "to him", "to her", or "to it"). According to 2006 census data, 44.3 million people of the U.S. population were Hispanic or Hispanic American by origin;[46] 38.3 million people, 13 percent of the population over five years old speak Spanish at home. With a population of over 410 million, Hispanophone America accounts for the vast majority of Spanish speakers, of which Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country. El Dia (La Serena) LL El Mercurio (Santiago) LL National La Tercera (Santiago) LL Where Latin had -li- before a vowel (e.g. Political Resources | Santiago Times Worldcountries.info | News Photos The following table shows the number of Spanish speakers in some 79 countries. In the European Union, Spanish is the mother tongue of 8% of the population, with an additional 7% speaking it as a second language. In the mid-nineteenth century, the colonial government set up a free public education system with Spanish as the medium of instruction. Spanish is unique among its neighbors in the aspiration and eventual loss of the Latin initial /f/ sound (e.g. Alternatively nous autres in French. 3. Environment Media Museums Spanish is classified as a subject–verb–object language; however, as in most Romance languages, constituent order is highly variable and governed mainly by topicalization and focus rather than by syntax. The Royal Spanish Academy (Real Academia Española), on the other hand, currently uses the term español in its publications, but from 1713 to 1923 called the language castellano. [27] According to a popular anecdote, when Nebrija presented it to Queen Isabella I, she asked him what was the use of such a work, and he answered that language is the instrument of empire. It is also widely spoken in Gibraltar and Andorra.[34]. El Mercurio de Valparaiso LL 6. Home/Family However, it is experiencing a minor revival among Sephardi communities, especially in music. There are important variations (phonological, grammatical, and lexical) in the spoken Spanish of the various regions of Spain and throughout the Spanish-speaking areas of the Americas. World Bank, Radio It comes from the Latin name of the province of Hispania that included the current territory of the Iberian Peninsula. The New York Times | Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages of the Indo-European language family, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. Education Economic States (50) In early Spanish (but not in Catalan or Portuguese) it merged with the consonant written b (a bilabial with plosive and fricative allophones). [62] The number of Chavacano-speakers was estimated at 1.2 million in 1996. "the other Spanish languages"). Since 1994 ⟨ch⟩ and ⟨ll⟩ have been treated as letter pairs for collation purposes, though they remained a part of the alphabet until 2010. [17] Despite its large number of speakers, Spanish does not feature prominently in scientific writing and technology, though it is better represented in the humanities and social sciences. Op-Ed Although vos is not used in Spain, it occurs in many Spanish-speaking regions of the Americas as the primary spoken form of the second-person singular familiar pronoun, with wide differences in social consideration. > Chile News, Chile News [59] However, the initiative failed to gain any traction, with the number of secondary schools at which the language is either a compulsory subject or offered as an elective remaining very limited. Radio [63] The local languages of the Philippines also retain significant Spanish influence, with many words derived from Mexican Spanish, owing to the administration of the islands by Spain through New Spain until 1821, until direct governance from Madrid afterwards to 1898.[64][65]. 2405: ANTIGUA: 6:37P 11-09-18: Arrived 6:14P D Int'l D: 4588: 0: 1028: ARUBA: 5:55P 11-09-18: Arrived 5:49P Magazines Spanish is one of the official languages of the United Nations, the European Union, the World Trade Organization, the Organization of American States, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the African Union, the Union of South American Nations, the Antarctic Treaty Secretariat, the Latin Union, the Caricom, the North American Free Trade Agreement, the Inter-American Development Bank, and numerous other international organizations. Compare the examples in the following table: Some consonant clusters of Latin also produced characteristically different results in these languages, as shown in the examples in the following table: In the 15th and 16th centuries, Spanish underwent a dramatic change in the pronunciation of its sibilant consonants, known in Spanish as the reajuste de las sibilantes, which resulted in the distinctive velar [x] pronunciation of the letter ⟨j⟩ and—in a large part of Spain—the characteristic interdental [θ] ("th-sound") for the letter ⟨z⟩ (and for ⟨c⟩ before ⟨e⟩ or ⟨i⟩). El Mostrador LL | ... Las demás lenguas españolas serán también oficiales en las respectivas Comunidades Autónomas... Spanish syntax is considered right-branching, meaning that subordinate or modifying constituents tend to be placed after head words. La Nacion LL However, it is not mutually intelligible with Spanish. Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula, Distribution in Spanish-speaking regions of the Americas, Association of Spanish Language Academies, Official use by international organizations, Dialects and languages influenced by Spanish, Note that in English, "Castilian" or "Castilian Spanish" may be understood as referring to, harvcoltxt error: no target: CITEREFEberhard_et_al.2020 (. RENO, Nev. — Nevada health officials have confirmed the state’s first known case of a coronavirus variant that was originally identified in … As of 2020, it is estimated that about 463 million people speak Spanish as a native language, making it the second most spoken language by number of native speakers. Nationally, Spanish is the official language—either de facto or de jure—of Argentina, Bolivia (co-official with Quechua, Aymara, Guarani, and 34 other languages), Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (co-official with 63 indigenous languages), Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay (co-official with Guaraní),[36] Peru (co-official with Quechua, Aymara, and "the other indigenous languages"[37]), Puerto Rico (co-official with English),[38] Uruguay, and Venezuela. El Austral (Santiago) Crete’s second largest city is arguably its most beautiful. ), Spanish is the official, or national language in 18 countries and one territory in the Americas, Spain, and Equatorial Guinea. It is spoken by more than twenty percent of the world's Spanish speakers (more than 112 million of the total of more than 500 million, according to the table above). in words that end with a consonant, on the last syllable, with the exception of two grammatical endings: Preantepenultimate stress (stress on the fourth-to-last syllable) occurs rarely, only on verbs with, The sound that corresponds to the letter ⟨s⟩ is pronounced in northern and central Spain as a, Diccionario del Español de México (DEM) –, This page was last edited on 22 February 2021, at 14:36. Primera Pagina LL | (For a detailed overview of verbs, see Spanish verbs and Spanish irregular verbs.). [35] Spanish is an official language of the European Union. For Spanish and Portuguese, that figure is 89%. Yahoo! CIA World Factbook | The interrogative pronouns (qué, cuál, dónde, quién, etc.) Religion The Trinidad government launched the Spanish as a First Foreign Language (SAFFL) initiative in March 2005. The use of vos (and/or its verb forms) is called voseo. Most Spanish speakers are in Hispanic America; of all countries with a majority of Spanish speakers, only Spain and Equatorial Guinea are outside the Americas. [76] Additionally, Spanish is the second most spoken language in the United States and is by far the most popular foreign language among students. Romanian caș (from Latin cāsevs) means a type of cheese. Usted is the usual second-person singular pronoun in a formal context, but it is used jointly with the third-person singular voice of the verb. S1601. U.S. National The language uses prepositions (rather than postpositions or inflection of nouns for case), and usually—though not always—places adjectives after nouns, as do most other Romance languages. Spanish is a fusional language. Also nós outros in early modern Portuguese (e.g. Ladino speakers today are almost exclusively Sephardi Jews, with family roots in Turkey, Greece, or the Balkans, and living mostly in Israel, Turkey, and the United States, with a few communities in Hispanic America. Critics Words with ⟨ch⟩ are now alphabetically sorted between those with ⟨cg⟩ and ⟨ci⟩, instead of following ⟨cz⟩ as they used to. The Spanish phonemic system is originally descended from that of Vulgar Latin. Spanish is also spoken in the integral territories of Spain in North Africa, which include the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, the Canary Islands located some 100 km (62 mi) off the northwest coast of mainland Africa, and minuscule outposts known as plazas de soberanía. With the exclusion of a very small number of regional terms such as México (see Toponymy of Mexico), pronunciation can be entirely determined from spelling. [33], In Europe, Spanish is an official language of Spain, the country after which it is named and from which it originated. World Bank. Spanish speakers older than 5 years old (, 40,872,286 people is the census population result for 2010. 5. noialtri in many Southern Italian dialects and languages. "[29], From the sixteenth century onwards, the language was taken to the Spanish-discovered America and the Spanish East Indies via Spanish colonization of America. TV Listings, Media Associations Spanish philologist Menéndez Pidal suggested that the classic hispanus or hispanicus took the suffix -one from Vulgar Latin, as it happened with other words such as bretón (Breton) or sajón (Saxon). However, the digraph ⟨rr⟩ (erre fuerte, 'strong r', erre doble, 'double r', or simply erre), which also represents a distinct phoneme /r/, was not similarly regarded as a single letter. Deviations from this norm (more common in Spain than in the Americas) are called "leísmo", "loísmo", or "laísmo", according to which respective pronoun, le, lo, or la, has expanded beyond the etymological usage (le as a direct object, or lo or la as an indirect object). In the following table of consonant phonemes, /ʎ/ is marked with an asterisk (*) to indicate that it is preserved only in some dialects. Weather Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL, ICAO: KATL, FAA LID: ATL), also known as Atlanta Hartsfield–Jackson International Airport, Atlanta Airport, Hartsfield, Hartsfield–Jackson or by its airport code ATL is the primary international airport serving Atlanta, Georgia.The airport is located 7 mi (11 km) south of the Downtown Atlanta district. [32] Spanish is also the third most used language on the Internet, after English and Russian. 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