A common characteristic found among all religions is that they represent a complex of emotional feelings and attitudes towards mysterious and perplexities of life. This essay about religion shows the powerful impact religion has one society. But it does not develop an ability in them to assume individual responsibility. Religion is an almost universal institution in human society. Religion encourages people to render services to the needy and poor and promote their welfare. But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society. This MWR essay is creative & not simply a summary of each chapter. It thus provides support for social standards, socially accepted behaviour. In short, religion is the institutionalised set of beliefs men hold about supernatural forces. Action is not directed by religious beliefs. Religion represents a great system of human thought. Indian secularism has been inadequately defined ‘attitude’ of goodwill towards all religions, ‘Sarvadharma Sadbhava’. I. Aiming for peace and loving other human beings is a good step towards a better world. Religion preserves traditions. The Indian meaning of secularism did not emerge in ignorance of the European or American meanings of the word. In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on the part of the State. But religion has its good side too. And due to this belief, many different cultures exist. Hence, there is also an element of censure for change. For example, it tried to suppress the doctrines of Darwin, Huxley and others. Religion performs its function of integration through social control. According to Radin it consists of two parts: (a) Physiological and (b) psychological. In this manner, the process of secularisation implies the following assumptions. Change is the very essence of a living thing. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of religion in India. For Marx all that was fundamental in the science of society proceeded from the material and especially the economic sphere. There are other aspects of secularism. It helps you. essay exchange link topic. There is the need to secularise the religious institutions. The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. The goal of all these is to find the answer to human existence. You can control what cookies are set on your device in your “cookies settings”. Religion in each of these societies gave its members the courage needed for survival in an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to certain aspects of the human conditions which could not be explained in a rational manner. Buddhism for instance, came as a revolt against the Vedic ritual which was both complex and expensive, and also beyond the common man’s reach. Children will not smoke or use drugs. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. But a thing is holy or sacred not because of a peculiar quality of thing. Here’s another key tip to keep in mind for your college applications, from College Essay Guy Ethan Sawyer! These social values emanate from religious faith. The original concept is named by the English words, Secular and secularism in the Indian languages, by neologisms such as ‘Dharma-nirapekshata. Religious practices help in promoting well being in people. This will help in forming a stable and peaceful society. Thus, belief in the non-sensory, super-empirical world is the first element of religion. A method of salvation is the fifth basic element of religion. Similar social conflict is evident in the case of birth control measures including abortion, in the Catholic world. Well, as a kid, that did not sound vital. Second, the vitality of Zionism, militant Islam (Islamic fundamentalism), radical Catholicism in Latin America and Sikhism, fundamentalism and communalism in India suggest that no necessary connection exists between modernisation and secularisation. Here is your essay on religion, it’s meaning, nature, role and other details! Prior to the advent of what may be called as “the age of reason”, religion has been the chief supporter of the spiritual and moral values of life. There are even others who do not call them by any name. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him. But it should be noted that the diversity of religious sects and cults in modern societies demonstrates that religion has become an individual matter and not a dominant feature of social life. It is the foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. As religion interprets misfortune and suffering in this world as manifestations of the supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the existing social structure. If you are interested in an essay on the development of Christian doctrine, or you would like to buy some essay paper, you can easily order it on our site. Through unity with the infinite the self is made majestic and triumphant. It helps us face the hardships of life easily. It regulates the conduct of individuals by enforcing moral principles on them and by prescribing powerful sanctions against them for violation. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of condolence. In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind were very much influenced by it. Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9d/Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg/1280px-Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg. Hence, it is obvious that religion performs a number of functions both for the religious group and for the wider society. You can be sure that Essay On My Religion Islam our custom-written papers are original and properly cited. Religion is the foundation upon which these values rest. I have enjoyed it immensely. Various laws of social reformation, modern education, transport and communication contributed towards decline in religiosity among the Hindus. Protests and conflicts often become necessary for bringing out changes. Aiming for peace and loving other human beings is a good step towards a better world. Thirdly, the greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the development of physical, biological and social sciences. Donating to religious causes gives people satisfaction. They are certain moral principles which are explained to have a supernatural origin. hinder the welfare of human beings. In a modern society sacred has little or no place, that a society undergoes a process of ‘desacrilisation’. These books of philosophy give much insight into what religion is. Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods. But he was convinced, unlike Feuerbach, that what is fundamental is not religious forms – against which Feuerbach had urged revolt-but the economic forms of existence. All these criticisms are formidable indeed. It is found in all societies, past and present. Although religion provides multiple benefits, there is much more it can achieve. Religion is interwoven with all aspects of human life: with kinship systems, economic and political institutions. It includes any kind of behavior (such as the wearing of special clothing and the immersion in certain rivers, in the Ganga for instance), prayers, hymns, creedal recitations, and other forms of reverence, usually performed with other people and in public. It is closely related to the social, economic and political areas of people’s lives. Nashville: Zonderman Press. Copyright 10. It removes the mystery, magic and authority of religion. Common faith, values and norms etc. All protests and conflicts are not always negative. The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the supernatural powers. The first root refers to belief in and practice of “signs of Divine Communication”. It is found in all societies, past and present. Take a closer look at religion that people follow. Islam is a vibrant religion … Religion may be said to help in the struggle for societal survival. My spirits, I am guilty of freedom, I feel, there is a positive happiness and joy in my life there. It is based on testing of arguments and beliefs by rational procedure, on asserting truth by means of factors which can be quantified and objectively measured. This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of theological doctrine, and desirability to compromise with religious beliefs and values. Marx has strongly criticised religion. Christianity is a religion, believe in God in an example. He claims that science not only explained many facts of life and the material environment in a way more satisfactory (than religion), but it also provided confirmation of its explanation in practical results. The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha. My personal experience has shown me the truth of Christian doctrine. Mixing of more than one form has caused development of new religious organisation. It develops philanthropic attitude of people. They believe that there is a reason behind every occurrence. Pfleiderer defined religion as “that reference men’s life to a word governing power which seeks to grow into a living union with it.”. Well-established and well-defined concept of secularism cannot be explained differently in terms of Western or Indian model. When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to console and compensate him. Thus, there are numerous definitions of religion given thinkers according to their own conceptions. It is essentially a subjective and private matter. That is the pre-requisite for any industrial society of the modern type. This is derived from two root words. These powers are believed to influence human life and control all natural phenomena. Your email address will not be published. Thus it remains the reason behind the good and bad things that happen in our life. Anthropology (3225) Anthropology of Cities (9) Anthropology of Religion (52) Applied Anthropology (56) Archaeology (152) Cultural Anthropology (1864) Ethnography (80) Evolution and Human Origin (897) Religion is not readily amenable to social change and progress. But this term is irrelevant in a democratic structure and it bears no application in reality because three principles are mentioned in the liberal-doctrine (Liberty which requires that the State, permits the practice of any religion, equality which requires that State not to give preference to any religion and the principle of neutrality). In contrast, the non-Western meaning of secularism revolves round equal respect for all religions. This essay about religion is an effort to unravel the mystery of what, why, how and where religion gained its significance over the centuries. According to the records, Hindu religion has … When a Hindu worships a cow, he worships it not because of the kind of animal the cow is, but because of a host of super-empirical characteristics which this animal is imagined to represent. Moreover, at Essay On My Religion Islam our academic service, Essay On My Religion Islam we have our own plagiarism-detection software which is designed to find similarities between completed papers and online sources. Religion has tried to prevent the scientists from discovering new facts. Religion is a powerful tool that can help meet this goal. Sumner and Keller asserted that, “Religion in history, from the earliest to very recent days, has not been a matter of morality at all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”. This state, this society produce religion, a perverted world consciousness, because they are a perverted world. It is the social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. This sense of security of the individual has significance for the society. Man needs some method by which he can regain harmony with the Gods through removal of guilt. So what is religion, and why has it gained significance in human growth and development? Quick Links. Sticking to the three Cs makes a religion essay of any length more manageable. In this world man often suffers disappointment even in the midst of all hopes and achievements. Humans have grown their cultures and society based on the religious beliefs they have. It is the human response to those elements in the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the State. Sacred things are symbols. Most philosophers are non- believers of religion. It is the opiate of the people.” By sanctifying norms and legitimizing social institutions, religion serves as a guardian of the status quo. My Religious Belief I am a Christian and I believe in the Holy trinity: God, the Son, the Holy Spirit. Religion may mean different things to the different people world over. By relating the empirical world to the super-empirical world religion gives the individual a sense of security in this rapidly changing world. Reflection essay on religion. Berger argues that the ‘decisive variable for secularisation is the process of rationalisation’. One of the two meanings is found by consulting any standard dictionary. By inhibiting protests and preventing changes religion may postpone reforms. Religion is responsible for several humanitarian works. This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the world. It has shaped domestic, economic and political institutions. Warren, Rick. It supports certain types of social conduct by placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. Hinduism gives sanction to the caste system which regulates social relations of various classes in India. (Orlando, 2017, pt.1). The primary requirement of society is the common possession of social values by which individuals control the actions of self and others and through which society is perpetuated. Essay On My Religion Christianity the whole work. This matter puts a difference between this religion and any other. It is religion that asks man to renounce unsocial activities and requires him to accept limitations upon his wants and desires. It is a fabrication of our minds. The Christian has a redeemer in Christ who gave his life for man’s sins. For example, with the gradual spread of Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to reorganise traditional faith. Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to achieve practical ends. In some cases the change may be slow and minor, in others relatively rapid and major. You will find that every religion has its own unique symbols, sacred histories and narratives. Every religion claims its first principle supreme, original and eternal. The priests laid the foundations of medicine. In present societies religion also performs this role. It means that religious belief and practices have tended to decline. Based on the prehistoric Vedic text, it is a faith in constant change. Many sociologists have been studying this area for a long time. Human Rights In Islam And The Religion Of Islam 1762 Words | 8 Pages. It is the ultimate source of social cohesion. Religion helps to restrict them from wrong doings. As the individuals perform rituals collectively their devotion to group ends is enhanced. An essay on different religions will show how you understand the subject and how you use your theoretical background in terms of the subject matter. Religion goes back to the beginning … Essay On Religion 500 words. While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”. Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking. Broadly, there are three types of changes in religion: (i) from simple to complex, (ii) from complex to simple and (iii) mixing forms. It thus helps him to identify himself more with his fellows, and to distinguish himself more from members of other groups, communities or nations. For example, investing huge sums of money on building temples, churches, mosques, etc., spending much on religious fairs, festivals and ceremonies, spoiling huge quantity of food articles, material things etc., in the name offerings. Its claim to truth cannot be tested by rational procedures. A rational world view rejects faith which is the basis of religion. It is held that India is not Europe and hence secularism in India cannot mean the same thing as it does in Europe. Populated by an infinite amount of gods, th ‘Secularisation’, in the words of Peter Berger, refers to ‘the process by which sectors of society and culture are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols. Central to all religions is the concept of faith. As a result, his power and potentiality is undermined. According to James G. Frazer considered religion as a belief in “Powers superior to man which are believed to direct and control the course of nature and of human life”. Religious belief discourages people from taking up bad habits. The belief in afterlife prevents people from enjoying a happy life when they are alive. Religion can limit you to certain specific beliefs. The range of meaning attached to the term has become so wide, that David Martin advocates its removal from the sociological vocabulary. Others have included discrete and separate elements loosely, put them together that create confusion. Man considers himself the noblest work of God with whom he shall be united and his self thus becomes grand and luminous. Hinduism Hinduism is the world’s oldest organized religion existing for 4500 years. Hence, any violation of the acceptable norm is punishable not only by God but by society. In the Indian context the word has very different meaning from its standard use in the English language. Politicians take oaths in the name of God and make a promise to their people that they will follow all the guidelines taught by their shared religion. As a matter of fact the forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to agree upon a definition. It is this control function of religion that caused Marx to call religion as “the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. Different people have different beliefs. Religion is … This leads to better job prospects and lifestyle. are examples of the great religions of the world. Home / Examples and Samples / Essay about Religion . In sociology, the word religion is used in a wider sense than that used in religious books. The Hindu seeks release from the bondage of Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of his actions in his life. But when one enters public life, one is expected to leave one’s faith behind. In simple terms, religion is an effort to answer various questions about human origin. If politics is ‘the last refuge of scoundrels’, and religion, ‘the opium of the masses’, any nexus between the two is bound to spell doom. On God he puts faith and entertains the belief that some unseen power moves in mysterious ways to make even his loss meaningful. Some even follow more than one religion. It has tried to reconcile its doctrine with scientific knowledge. It also inculcated the habit of charity among the people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the needy and the poor. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and practices which are generally the main characteristics of all religions. Home page > Essay sample library > Essay list > Losing My Religion. Firstly, ascetic Protestantism, which created an ethic which was pragmatic, rational controlled and anti-emotional. One can be a good Hindu or a good Muslim within one’s home or at one’s place of worship. College Essays About Religion, informative essay on changes, best scientific editing service, how to finish apush essays on time. Made with Love by. Let us know about different religions in the world: Hinduism: Hinduism is the most ancient religion of the world. Religious ritual is “the active side of religion. Secularisation also implies rationality. Social values and norms emanate from religious faith. But the process of secularisation took its course unlike Western Europe renaissance and reformation in the fifteenth and sixteenth century. Content Filtrations 6. Bigotry and fanaticism have led to persecution, inhuman treatment and misery in the past. Religious rites are performed on many occasions in relation to vital events and dominant interests: birth, initiation, marriage, sickness, death, hunting, animal husbandry and so on; and they are intimately concerned with family and kinship interests and with political institutions. It leads to waste of human labour, energy and time. It can include singing, dancing, weeping, crawling, starving, feasting, etc. It tries to understand human presence on the earth and the meaning for their existence. This secularism chalks out an area in public life where religion is not admitted. The above description may make you believe that religion is all about science and evolution. India is a secular country where different religions are practiced by people. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated village towards large, complex, urban, industrialised society the character of influence of religion on man and his life changes. Speak of secularizing the State is not readily amenable to social change and.. Of various classes in India during the British rule represents the end of life, one is to... The individual has significance for the wider society who is controlling the entire world and control identity and live in. 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