According to an old news clip, “Winds reaching 80 miles an hour lashed at Provincetown late this morning, toppling trees, severing moorings, blowing boats ashore, knocking out … [37], Due to the high damage, the name Carol was removed from the naming list for 10 years. Spoiled food due to lack of refrigeration resulted in ab… The worst hurricanes to hit Massachusetts from 1900-2000, in reverse date order, are: Hurricane Bob in 1991; "the twins" from 1954, Hurricanes Carol and Edna; and last but not least, the Great New England Hurricane of 1938. [4] Ninety percent of homes in the Groton Long Point area were destroyed by the storm surge and winds in Hurricane Carol. [2], An eastward moving deep-wave trough intensified as it moved through the eastern United States. Photo courtesy Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection. Carol was also the strongest storm of the 1953 Atlantic hurricane season and the first Category 5 hurricane in the Atlantic basin since the 1938 New England hurricane. On August 27, Carol intensified to reach winds of 105 mph (165 km/h), but weakened as its motion turned to a northwest drift. On August 27, meteorologists clocked Carol’s winds at 105 mph. Hurricane Carol started on Aug. 25, 1954, as a tropical wave near the Bahamas, and strengthened as it moved northwest. [13] Overall, 11,785 families were directly impacted by the hurricane, including 9,720 houses that were damaged and 1,545 that were destroyed. Photo courtesy Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection. continued to strengthen and reached category 4 status on on the 3rd, which made Carol the strongest tropical cyclone. Hurricane Carol (1954) Storm Track & Details. Gov. McCarthy Earls, Eamon. All in all, the 1954 hurricane season ranked as one of the worst in the 20th century. It made a comeback 10 years later, only to be retired again. [4] The next day, Carol strengthened to attain hurricane status while located about 345 miles (545 km) east of Cape Canaveral, Florida. The powerful winds also downed thousands of trees and power lines, blacking out the entire state and interrupting 95 percent of phone service. [12] Due to the compact nature of the storm, western Connecticut experienced little effects from Carol. It affected the states of Idaho, Missouri, Pennsylvania, New … [15] The winds downed many trees,[15] and left heavy crop damage to various fruits. into a hurricane on September 2nd east of the Leeward Islands. It was the most destructive hurricane to hit the northeast coast … While moving west of Maine, the hurricane dropped heavy rainfall, including a report of 2.15 inches (63 mm) in 12 hours. Hurricane Carol developed from an area of disturbed weather east of the southern Bahamas on August 25, 1954. Hurricane Carol wrecked another 3,000 boats and 3,500 automobiles. The hurricane caused flooding throughout the state and completely washed away roads and rail lines. When Hurricane Carol met the New England coast on Aug. 31, 1954, the storm was the biggest hurricane to strike here since 1938. Hurricane Hazel . Dunn, Gordon and Banner Miller. [18] The heaviest rainfall associated with the passage of the storm occurred in New London, where up to 6 inches (150 mm) fell[13] and wind blew off a portion of the city hall roof. Over 200 dams in New England suffered partial to total failure due to the hurricane’s torrential rainfall. Narragansett Bay, Buzzards Bay and New Bedford Harbor suffered storm surges of more than 14 feet. The baby was found days later floating dead.”. Her family cottage on Cornfield … This story was updated in 2020. NOAA photo. The Edgewood Yacht Club survived the storm surge. National Guardsmen flew a plane of dry ice from Newark, New Jerseyto Boston to assist the widespread areas without power and refrigeration. [9] The hurricane's storm surge covered the Montauk Highway in Montauk, effectively isolating eastern Long Island for a period of time. 1955 Photo New Bedford Symbolic Restoration Work Hurricane Carol Leclair 7x9. He also recalled power lines sparking as they hit the wet ground and leaves stripped from trees. In New York, strong winds on Long Island damaged about 1,000 houses, left 275,000 people without electricity, downed many trees, and resulted in heavy crop losses. [18] Damage to the apple crop amounted to $1.7 million. The aftermath of Hurricane Carol in Westerly, R.I. A man looked at what was left of his home and car after Hurricane Carol hit Swift Beach in Wareham on Sept. 5, 1954. [12] Carol produced winds of up to 80 mph (130 km/h) in Augusta, Maine. [3] Receiving the name Carol, the storm gradually turned to the north, and strengthened under generally favorable conditions. [9] Near the coast, waves from the storm damaged fishing piers,[8] and flooding was reported in New Bern. In Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, wind gusts peaked at 47 mph (75 km/h). [18] In Wareham, about 1,500 people were left homeless. Days later, Category 2 Diane made landfall, causing significant flooding and damage throughout southern New England. With rescues continuing in … Ed Kelley/Globe Staff/File. Fifty people crowded into a two-story cottage, and their sheer weight held the house on its foundation. The storm caused flights to be canceled, and subways were flooded in Montreal. Some coastal communities in Rhode Island, from Westerly to Narragansett, were almost completely destroyed as a result of the hurricane’s powerful winds. [12] About 1,000 houses were damaged on the island,[15] and 275,000 people lost power. Downed power lines left several counties without power or telephone services. 1955 Photo New Bedford Symbolic Restoration Work Hurricane Carol Leclair 7x9. Throughout the region, about 150,000 people were left without electricity and telephone service. Carol is a bit forgotten – the impact was less than 1938 and it was overshadowed in the state by the remnants of Connie and Diane in 1955 that paralyzed the state with a … North Carolina’s Hurricane History. [13] Thousands had evacuated before the storm reached the area, and one person died in the state. Hurricane Carol was one hell of a storm. [25] It also crushed three cars parked on Bussey St.[25], Carol maintained its intensity as it moved inland,[26] and its winds were strong enough to knock down trees and power lines in New Hampshire. You may also want to read about the Great New England storm of 1938 here. [4] After maintaining peak intensity for 30 hours and moving a distance of about 75 miles (120 km), Carol weakened slightly off the coast of Georgia. The resulting storm surge flooded downtown Providence with 12 feet (3.7 m) of water. [13] News reports indicated that the floods covered the area with 4 feet (1.2 m) in about an hour. [28] In Quebec, the extratropical remnants of Carol downed trees and power lines in Montreal from wind gusts as high as 55 mph (89 km/h). Edna killed 21 people , caused widespread power outages on Cape Cod, flooded roads and railroads in Main and forced evacuations throughout southern New England. The powerful extratropical storm continued northward, before losing its identity after entering Canada, over southern Quebec. In Boston, Hurricane Carol tore off the spire of the Old North Church. [9] High winds damaged widespread homes, boats, and cars. Precipitation also extended into Pennsylvania. [2][3] Carol had maintained its small structure and well-defined eye, and observers on both eastern Long Island and Groton, Connecticut reported blue skies and light winds as the eye passed overhead, followed by strong hurricane-force winds. Ronald Guilmette was living in the Rogers Williams Projects in Providence. [18] About 12 days after Carol struck New England, Hurricane Edna struck eastern Massachusetts, causing an additional $40 million in damage and 20 deaths. See more ideas about hurricane, new england, storm. [12], Hurricane Carol produced hurricane and gale-force winds across New England. Carol is also the first named storm to attain Category 5 status. [15] High winds left over 150,000 people without power in New England,[18] potentially as many as one-third of all of New England,[19] and many residents also lost phone service. Damage there totaled about $1 million (1954 CAD, US$980,000)[nb 3]. Hurricane Carol started on Aug. 25, 1954, as a tropical wave near the Bahamas, and strengthened as it moved northwest. The winds destroyed much of the corn crop, about half of the peach crop, and about 1.5 million bushels of apples. It officially began on June 15, and lasted until November 15, although activity occurred both before and after the season's limits. State officials then ordered the evacuation of Cape Cod, and 20,000 people left the peninsula. Item Information. The category 3 hurricane made landfall near Groton and brought devastating flooding and wind damage to parts of southeastern Connecticut and Rhode Island (from South County to Providence). [2] It moved to the north-northwest and intensified into a tropical storm early on August 26. Hurricane Hunters and the Weather Bureau collected data on subsequent hurricanes to determine their structure, as well as attempted to weaken storms with silver iodide via Project Stormfury. Bands of heavy rain and wind reached southern New England and damages totaled nearly $86 million. [11] It was a replacement spire, after a hurricane in 1804 destroyed the original. The hurricane caused flooding throughout the state and completely washed away roads and rail lines. “My father took me out during the eye of the storm when all was quiet and the sun was shining.,” she recalled. [12] In Massachusetts, the National Guard were deployed to six towns to prevent looting. On August 31, Carol sped up and slammed into Old Saybrook, Conn.  Tosemary Carpichio, then 10, remembered it well. A surge of 4.4 m (14.4 ft) was measured at Providence, RI, … The 1953 Atlantic hurricane season was the first time an organized list of female names was used to name Atlantic storms. The area of disturbed weather quickly became a tropical storm by August 27...and was officially classified as a hurricane while east of Florida late on 27 August. The reanalysis by Chris Landsea and the work by Jarvinen shows a landfall of Carol near Groton. The federal government provided financial aid, amounting to $1.5 million in Massachusetts. The hurricane then moved northeast, flooding the mid-Atlantic coast. Price: US $12.99. It was replaced with Camille for the first and only time in 1969. [19] Statewide, 3,350 homes were damaged to some degree, and another 800 were destroyed. North Carolina’s Hurricane History. Approximately 3,500 cars and 3,000 boats were destroyed. It remained at Category 3 status for three days until cooler air behind Hurricane Connie, a Category 1 hurricane that struck the Outer Banks of North Carolina on … A strong trough of low pressure turned the hurricane northeastward, and Carol later intensified into a major hurricane. [9] The steeple of the Old North Church in Boston was rebuilt in 1955, after residents throughout the country provided $150,000 in donations. In Massachusetts, the National Guard were deployed to six towns to prevent looting. Storm warnings were issued southward to Charleston. [2] Carol passed 100 miles (160 km) to the east of Virginia, and produced 40 mph (65 km/h) winds in Virginia Beach. The winds flattened hundreds of acres of corn in North Livermore,[26] and throughout the state, there was heavy damage to the apple crop. [23] Overall damage in the state was estimated at $50 million. [9], On eastern Long Island near where Carol made landfall, a pressure of 960 mbar (28 inHg) was recorded. [22] These strong winds left much of the eastern portion of the state without power. Storm surge flooded LaGuardia Airport and inundated the Montauk Highway, which left the eastern portion of Long Island isolated. The worst hurricanes to hit Massachusetts from 1900-2000, in reverse date order, are: Hurricane Bob in 1991; "the twins" from 1954, Hurricanes Carol and Edna; and last but not least, the Great New England Hurricane of 1938. Hurricane Carol destroyed this boat in Marblehead Harbor. Hurricane Carol was so awful, that the name is no longer used for hurricanes – it has been removed from the list completely. The name was reused in the 1965 season, but was retroactively retired, and it will never again be used for an Atlantic hurricane. [2][3], Before affecting North Carolina, the threat of Carol prompted a hurricane warning from Wilmington to Manteo. Power crews from elsewhere in the United States arrived to assist in the restoration. “We could see and hear the funnel go right up Buzzards Bay,” remembered a cottager, 10 at the time. High waves also damaged coastal roadways. Twisted Sisters is a fascinating history of four disasters from the mid 1950s. [5] On August 30, the hurricane again strengthened to reach Category 2 status while located 180 miles (290 km) east of Savannah, Georgia. [17] There were power outages in New York City, but little damage. [12] Due to the compact nature of the storm, areas west of Fire Island were largely unaffected by the hurricane. [nb 1] While paralleling the Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern United States, the storm produced strong winds and rough seas that caused minor coastal flooding and slight damage to houses in North Carolina, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Delaware, and New Jersey. of the 1953 Atlantic hurricane season. [15] Near the coast, strong storm surges were reported,[13] and a 20 feet (6.1 m) storm tide was reported at New Bedford, setting a record.