Goree is a walking tour destination of history and controversy which one day is not enough to explore. Website Category: European Colonial Influences . It’s known for its role in the 15th- to 19th-century Atlantic slave trade. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Goree Island is on the great western bulge of Africa - the nearest point on the continent to the Americas. Gorée Island was first visited (1444) by Portuguese sailors under Dinís Dias and occupied in subsequent years. History Hit brings you the stories that shaped the world through our award winning podcast network and an online history channel. AFRICANGLOBE – Goree Island, planted in the deep blue of the Atlantic Ocean two kilometers from Dakar, is a small island with charming old houses and bougainvillea flowers gathered around a tiny cove of sand, bathed in clear water. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. If you know of any information on this page that needs updating you can add a comment above or e-mail us. The House of Slaves on Gorée Island, Senegal is just such a place. The island’s importance steadily declined with the rise of Saint-Louis and Dakar on the mainland. Some academics have argued that Gorée Island – from the Dutch ‘goede reede’, or ‘good harbour’ – was merely one of hundreds of similar incarceration centres from where relatively few Africans (around 25,000) were transported to the Americas. House of Slaves is today a museum. Gorée’s location made it a good site for supplying ships following the winds out of Europe, and for supplying African captives for the Americas. Gorée is a small island 900 metres (3,000 ft) in length and 350 metres (1,150 ft) in width sheltered by the Cap-Vert Peninsula. Essential Goree Island. Located on a quiet and sheltered bay, the Gorée Island was discovered in 1444 by Denis Dias, a Portuguese sailor and explorer of Africa's west coast as well as the discoverer of Cap-Vert. The various elements of this “memory island” – fortresses, buildings, streets, squares, etc. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Goree-Island, UNESCO World Heritage Centre - Island of Gorée. The small, picturesque town of Gorée is nearly coextensive with the island. Criteria: (vi) association with belief system. Goree Island, Senegal. Its museum, which was opened in 1962 and curated until Boubacar Joseph Ndiaye's death in 2009, is said to memorialise the final exit point of the slaves from Africa. Just as empires rise and fall so do entry fees and opening hours! The Goree family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Read more. The Island of Gorée was the witness to have slaves were traded via this island to the Western countries, wherein mostly were shipped by boat. The Island of Gorée is known as a former center of the Atlantic slave trade from where many Black slaves were deported to the Americas. Omissions? With its just over one thousand residents, Gorée Island sits two kilometers (1.2 miles) off the coast of Dakar, Senegal. See all. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It became and remained a predominantly French trading post after 1677 despite several British incursions. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Fort d'Estrées on Gorée Island, off the coast of Senegal. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! This quiet and quaint island with just 1000 permanent residents and ever visiting tourists once played an important part in the early days of African-American history. Young girls, highly valued by the slave traders for the obvious albeit grotesque reasons, were kept separate and commanded the highest prices. Mr. President and Madam First Lady, distinguished guests and residents of Goree Island, citizens of Senegal, I’m honored to begin my visit to Africa in your beautiful country. The first record of slave trading there dates back to 1536 and was conducted by Portuguese, the first Europeans to set foot on the Island in 1444. It is one of the rich areas of Dakar in terms of history. Hygiene was non-existent and men, women and children were wedged into every available space, sometimes for up to three months before departure. Inscribed: 1978 . Gorée Island is situated in the harbor of Dakar in modern Sénégal and is one of the oldest sites of European settlement on the African coast. Several museums and the remains of colonial-era forts attract tourists. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Some academics have argued that Gorée Island – from the Dutch ‘goede reede’, or ‘good harbour’ – was merely one of hundreds of similar incarceration centres from where relatively few Africans (around 25,000) were transported to the Americas. In 1444, Portuguese navigator Dinís Dias sited the island, christening it ‘Palma’. Regardless of numbers, it remains one of West Africa’s most important monuments to the centuries-long Atlantic slave trade. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. Perhaps the most poignant aspect of the tour is the view down the slanting corridor towards the door marked ‘La Porte Du Voyage Sans Retour’ – the trip from which no-one returned. Thanks to four decades of work by museum curator Boubacar Joseph Ndiaye who sadly died in 2009, the House of Slaves on Gorée Island serves as a memorial to the Atlantic slave trade and today in his memory, visitors can witness the harsh conditions in which thousands, if not millions were incarcerated and then shipped out with no hope of ever coming back. Located less than 4 km from the city of Dakar, Gorée island offers a sure route for ships. Area: unknown . Gorée Island, French Île de Gorée, small island just south of Cape Verde Peninsula, Senegal, that was the site of one of the earliest European settlements in Western Africa and long served as an outpost for slave and other trading. The island is a popular destination for anyone visiting Dakar and Senegal and tells the story of the slave trade across the Atlantic.