Although temporary peace walls were built in Belfast in the 1920s (in Ballymacarett) and 1930s (in Sailortown), the first peace lines of "the Troubles" era were built in 1969, following the outbreak of civil unrest and the 1969 Northern Ireland riots. [22] Violence broke out here in 2011 after loyalist youths had liaised with each other through social network sites in order to launch the disturbances. Prof. Hamber reflected on aspects of multiculturalism/ interculturalism, community security paradox and interdependence. 'Reflected Lives' was a unique oral history project that captured the everyday experiences of people living either side of interface barriers or peace walls in Short Strand/ Inner East Belfast. "Over the past four or five years the focus of conflict has switched to interface areas in Belfast. [8] Trouble in the area has been a regular feature with petrol bombs thrown in 2000 and 2001 after local UDA Brigadier Jimbo Simpson claimed that republican housing was starting to encroach into Tiger's Bay. These include: 1. Amongst the most notorious is that between the lower Antrim Road and the lower Shore Road which was seen as such a flashpoint that in 1994 a fence was added to Alexandra Park, a public amenity straddling both areas, dividing the park between the two communities. The City Council has attempted to tackle the tensions in these areas by embarking on a Shared City Project that aims to bring together people from both communities through education and recreational activities. your own Pins on Pinterest Young people from across Belfast's interface communities have completed a programme of training in Belfast and an 8 week placement in Valencia, Spain with a focus on Hospitality and Tourism. The UDA used the Holy Cross blockade and other interface areas as a way to destabilise the peace process, to try and derail it. interface areas in North and East Belfast and around the Fountain area of Derry, while a number of violent incidents were reported in the local daily media across the summer months. Submitted by chris on Fri, 06/21/2013 - 17:27. Submitted by chris on Tue, 10/15/2013 - 17:34. [24] The Belfast Interface Project said groups felt isolated, unsupported and unable to develop any real sense of momentum in local development. It is essential that the unionist case – one which is not always heard – be told. These continue to exist for the most part although low level violence and vandalism often occur at the points where the two areas come very close, notably where Ainsworth Avenue backs onto the Springfield Road, the points at which Kirk Street and Workman Avenue in the Woodvale area touch Springfield, the parts of the Highfield estate that border the Springfield Road[19] and where republican Bombay Street and loyalist Cupar Way almost meet. The dividing line between the two areas is reckoned to be Alliance Avenue and this is where the peace line has been since 1971. Areas such as Wyndham Street and Oldpark Avenue that surround Torrens are mostly republican. The heavily Protestant Waterside area borders the Catholic Dungiven road and it has multiple peace lines, and has been known as a violent area during The Troubles. [1], Interface areas are sometimes characterised by so-called peace lines, but this is not always the case and so people not local to the area are not always aware of the existence of interface areas. 4 Oct 2014 - Following a peaceful parade, PSNI officers move in to try to get around 50 loyalists to move from an interface area. [12] Around 2010, the majority of the loyalist population was moved from the area and the barricades and police station have since been demolished. Interface area is the name given in Northern Ireland to areas where segregated nationalist and unionist residential areas meet. All these aspects were very important to think over, in terms of community engagement. [20], Although east Belfast as a whole is largely Protestant in nature the republican enclave of the Short Strand forms a number of interface areas with neighbouring loyalist districts on the Albertbridge Road and the Newtownards Road. 35 barriers which are made of different styles of metal fencing 2. The project uncovered fascinating stories of those who lived in a shared community before the walls were erected, those who were segregated as the walls were built and those who have never experienced life without them. Belfast Interface Project is currently managing delivery of the 'Inner East Outer West' project - a collaborative inter-community relationship-building project involving groups and communities, both young people and adults from both sides of interfaces in inner East Belfast and in the Suffolk and Lenadoon communities in Outer West Belfast. Residents of the Lower Ormeau Road opposed the Orange Order marching towards the city centre across Ormeau Bridge and via the Lower Ormeau Road. The reality of life in Cluan Place for the small unionist population. Belfast, Northern Ireland. The fence remains in place although a gate was added in 2011 permitting limited access from one side to the other. Dozens of barriers which separate unionist and nationalist communities remain in place across Northern Ireland, mostly in Belfast, ranging from tall walls and steel gates to fences. Sehenswürdigkeiten, Highlights und Tipps für Belfast. 'Exchanging Perceptions' exhibition opens in the Waterfront Hall - open to the public until October 24th. A few years ago, I told a friend of mine—who is originally from Ireland—that I visited Belfast while I was living in Dublin. The report identifies 99 different security barriers and forms of defensive architecture across the city associated with residential areas. A Belfast interface worker calls on the authorities to keep union flag protesters away from interface flash points. In 2012 Belfast Interface Project published a study carried out by the Institute for Conflict Research to identify and classify the known security barriers and associated forms of defensive architecture in residential areas of Belfast. A new research project launched today has revealed that 76% of those living in interface areas of Belfast were 'strongly in favour' of the removal of barriers. John Mc Quillan (Belfast Interface Project ) reviews ‘ Belfast Interfaces- Security Barriers and Defensive Use of Space’ a piece of research carried out by BIP and the Institute for Conflict Research to identify and classify the known security barriers and associated forms of defensive architecture in residential areas of Belfast, with Belfast Met’s staff and students in Titanic Quarter’s College on March 7th, 2013. Other interfaces in west Belfast include the Donegall Road and Broadway, which are divided between the loyalist Village area and the republican St James's area by the roundabout where the Rise statue stands and the Stewartstown Road that divides the republican Lenadoon area from the loyalist Suffolk. In den letzten Jahren hat sich die Stadt enorm weiterentwickelt und schafft es bei Lonely Planet sogar auf Platz 1: Belfast und die Causeway Coast in Nordirland wurden im jährlichen Ranking Best in Travel 2018 auf Platz 1 der Top 10 Regionen gekürt. For access to this latest publication, please click on the link below: Submitted by chris on Mon, 06/10/2013 - 13:07. There have also been divisions around the Antrim Road between the Protestant Westland Road and the Catholic areas of the Cavehill Road known as "Little America", although there has been more co-operation between community groups aimed at decreasing tensions.[10]. We had the great pleasure of hosting Prof. Brandon Hamber, our keynote speaker. This document draws significantly upon this latest research by The Senator George J Mitchell Institute for Global Peace, Justice and Security at Queen's University Belfast while also bringing together photographs and past information from previous BIP research projects on interface walls and barriers. His response was: “Wow. Almost 20 people have been killed in this area in the last 30 years of the troubles. This Belfast Interface Project is currently managing delivery of the 'Inner East Outer West' project - a collaborative inter-community relationship-building project involving groups and communities, both young people and adults from both sides of interfaces in inner East Belfast and in the Suffolk and Lenadoon communities in Outer West Belfast. [21], The interface between the loyalist Corcrain Road and republican Obins Drive has been a regular scene of violence in the County Armagh town. After Operation Motorman and the end of Free Derry, sectarian violence became worse and the peace lines grew rapidly in the Protestant Fountain area bordering the Catholic Bishop Street. The Institute for Conflict Research (ICR) and Belfast Interface Project (BIP) have recently (2013) undertaken research into the potential for sharing education in schools in interface areas of North Belfast. I lived there in 2007. The project is called, ‘Young People Leading The Way’ and aims to contribute to efforts to reduce tension in the Interface areas around Inner East Belfast by building capacity for young people to move towards taking a peer leadership role in helping build a united communities strategy. 2nd FloorCathedral Quarter Managed Workspace109-113 Royal AvenueBelfast BT1 1FF, © 2013 Belfast Interface Project — Site developed by Avec Solutions, about Reflected Lives: Intergenerational Oral Histories of Belfast’s Peace Wall Communities. 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