Senna family (Caesalpiniaceae) Description:This deciduous tree is 60-90' tall at maturity, consisting of a singletrunk about 1½-3' across and a relatively open crown with ascending towidely spreading branches. I Cinesi fanno macerare i frutti in acqua per utilizzarli come detersivo di ripiego. It grows in bottomlands, ravines, and lower slopes of the Appalachian Mountains from western New York and western Pennsylvania, west A Kentucky coffeetree found in the Will Rogers Park in Amarillo, Texas has been confirmed to be the largest of its kind in Texas. chicot chicot n. a handsome tree of central and eastern North America ({Gymnocladus dioica}) having large bipinnate leaves and green white flowers followed by large woody brown pods whose seeds are used as a coffee substitute. Today, in the wild, it only grows well in wetlands, and it is thought that only in such wet conditions can the seed pods rot away to allow germination in the absence of large herbivores.[17]. p. 92. root cuttings from December through March, "Gymnocladus dioica (L.) K.Koch — The Plant List", "Toxicants that Affect the Autonomic Nervous System (and, in some Cases, Voluntary Nerves as Well)", "Kentucky: Adoption of the Kentucky State Tree", "Kentucky Coffeetree Tree on the Tree Guide at arborday.org", "Kentucky Trees: Gymnocladus dioicus (Kentucky Coffeetree), Pea Family (Fabaceae)", "University of Arkansas, Division of Agriculture Research and Extension, Plant of the Week, Kentucky Coffee Tree", https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-009-1372-3, "Kentucky Coffeetree (Gymnocladus Dioicus)", "Kentucky Coffee Tree – Plants toxic to animals – Veterinary Medicine library at U of Illinois", "Ecological Importance of Native Americans Culture to the Kentucky Coffee Tree (, "Kentucky coffeetree in Amarillo confirmed to be largest of its kind in Texas", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kentucky_coffeetree&oldid=992140232, Trees of the Plains-Midwest (United States), Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Gen. Tech. Un tè fatto dalle foglie e dalla polpa è stato utilizzato come lassativo. In: Sniezko, Richard A.; Man, Gary; Hipkins, Valerie; Woeste, Keith; Gwaze, David; Kliejunas, John T.; McTeague, Brianna A., tech. The anomalous Kentucky coffeetree: megafaunal fruit sinking to extinction?. Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The leaves only appear for a relatively short growing season, hence the branches appear naked for much of the year. It is resistant to air pollution and drought and makes an excellent addition to a rain garden or in a landscape to provide shade. – Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (a cura di), 2005. See more ideas about kentucky coffee tree, coffee tree, kentucky. The tree's native range is limited, occurring from Southern Ontario, Canada and in the United States from Kentucky (where it was first encountered by Europeans) and western Pennsylvania in the east, to Kansas, eastern Nebraska, and southeastern South Dakota in the west, to southern Wisconsin and Michigan[9] in the north, and to northern Louisiana in the south. The wood from the tree is used by cabinetmakers and carpenters. 2017. The tree grows at a medium rate with height increases of anywhere from 12" to 24" per year. La chimica che uccide ed il Dissesto Idrogeologico, Il Principio della Sostenibilità e le sue contraddizioni, Piano delle Esperienze e livelli di benessere, Consorzio Ecodomus – Edilizia Ecosostenibile, Caratteristiche ed usi dell'Albero del caffè, Characteristics and uses of the coffee tree, Intervista su Radio News 24 – Sostenibilità in Agricoltura, Parco nazionale dei ghiacciai – Stati Uniti. L’Albero dei cervi é una specie arborea originaria dell’area centrorientale del Nord America. It is one of three species in the genus Gymnocladus, the other two being native to eastern Asia. The state tree of Kentucky should be used more often because it is adaptable to many soils, Flora d’Italia, Edagricole, Bologna. Il Gymnocladus dioica ha molte doti decorative. The Kentucky coffeetree is considered a rare tree species. your own Pins on Pinterest Seeds were used as dice in games of chance that were common in eastern tribes. L’Albero dei cervi è una pianta che tollera le avversità tipiche dell’ambiente urbano ed è adattabile a una vasta gamma di terreni e climi, sopravvivendo anche nei terreni asciutti, compattati o alcalini, pur preferendo suoli umidi e ricchi ed esposizioni in pieno sole. The seed may be roasted and used as a substitute for coffee beans; however, unroasted pods and seeds are toxic. This name refers to the large, coarse branches (without smaller twigs) that remain after the rachis and petiole of the bipinnately compound leaves fall. L’epiteto specifico dioica proviene dal greco δις dis, due volte e οἰκία oikía, abitazione: dioico, perchè fiori maschili e femminili sono portati da piante diverse. Il termine Gymnocladus deriva dal greco γυμνός gymnós nudo e da κλάδος cládos ramo: cioè con rami nudi. The wood is used both by cabinetmakers and carpenters. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore. Gymnocladus is derived from the Ancient Greek κλάδος (kládos) "branch" and γυμνός (gumnós) "naked" and refers to the stout branchlets unclothed with small twigs. – Pignatti S., 1982. L’Albero dei cervi o albero del caffè (Gymnocladus dioica (L.) Koch) è una specie arborea appartenente alla famiglia delle Fabaceae. – Acta Plantarum – Flora delle Regioni italiane. Ricordiamo che la citisina, detta anche soforina o ulexina, è contenuta in varie piante del genere Sophora e in varie leguminose (es. Le foglie, che sono lunghe fino a 70 cm, sono decidue, alterne, bipennate, composte con segmenti ovato-acuminati, lunghi 4 cm. Proceedings of a workshop. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Flowers on female species give way to long, flat, brown, seed pods. maggiociondolo e cytisus). Kentucky Coffee-tree (Gymnocladus dioicus) is a moderate-sized canopy tree of the legume family, and is the only member of its genus in North America. The beans contain the toxin cytisine. The expanding leaves are conspicuous because of the varied colors of the leaflets; the youngest are bright pink, while those which are older vary from green to bronze.[7]. Etimologia – It is native to the Midwest, primarily southern Michigan and Ohio southwest to Iowa, Kansas, Oklahoma and Arkansas. I fiori sono riuniti in racemi, allungati negli alberi femminili e globosi in quelli maschili, profumati e con corolla allungata e tubolosa. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Genus Gymnocladus are deciduous trees with a spreading habit and large, bipinnate leaves. Negli Stati Uniti vennero usati come succedaneo del caffè durante il periodo delle guerre di secessione. A specimen with a height of 26 metres (85 ft) was referenced in La Turpinerie, commune of Geay, a short distance from the Charente river in south-west France, growing in a typical calcareous soil (see Minutes of Congrès international de sylviculture de Paris, June 1900). The bark is ash-gray and scaly, flaking similarly to black cherry, but more so. The word dioicus relates to dioecious, meaning there are male and female trees. Gymnocladus dioicus is used as a street tree as far north as Montréal Québec. From 1976 to 1994, the Kentucky coffeetree was the state tree of Kentucky, after which the tulip poplar was returned to that designation. Propagation is also easy from dormant root cuttings from December through March. Gymnocladus dioicus, Kentucky Coffeetree. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Filing the seedcoat by hand with a small file, and then soaking the seeds in water for 24 hours will ensure rapid germination. [14][15] The tough, leathery seed pods are too difficult for many animals to chew through (in addition to being poisonous) and they are too heavy for either wind or water dispersal. Oecologia 161, 221–226 (2009). The inconspicuous flowers are unlikely to appear in the UK as the summers are not hot enough. greenish white 0.75' to 1" long flowers flowers held in large panicles; 8" to 12" long for females and 3" to 4" long for males flowers not highly ornamental, but interesting Flower: Loose clusters of stalked flowers at branch tips, with male and female flowers on separate trees, though some trees can have perfect flowers (both male and female parts). Questa pianta fu introdotta in Europa nell’Ottocento ed oggi la si ritrova in parchi e orti botanici. Carstens, J.D. Il legno di questo albero è duro e resistente ma difficile da lavorare. 2017. This plant has no children Legal Status. Kentucky Coffee Tree is a slow to moderate growing deciduous native tree in the bean family. Negli Stati Uniti vennero usati i semi di questa pianta come succedaneo del caffè durante il periodo delle guerre di secessione. Fonti I diari di George Washington della fine del 1700 contengono la prima traccia del nome “albero del caffè”. . [7], The Kentucky coffeetree is a moderately fast-growing tree, and male trees are often grown in parks and along city streets for ornamental purposes. Winter twigs are very stout and dark reddish brown to green brown in color; the pith is very thick and salmon pink to brown in color. The leaf scars are very large, heart shaped with 3 to 5 conspicuous bundle scars. Pur essendo una leguminosa, non fissa azoto. The wood from the tree is used by cabinetmakers and carpenters. [9] Like the Sumac, branches are absent of fine spray; smaller branches are thick and lumpish. The Kentucky coffeetree, Gymnocladus dioicus, is a tree in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae of the legume family Fabaceae, native to the Midwest and Upper South of North America. A causa della sua elevata tossicità, può provocare una grave forma d’intossicazione, il citisismo. Da noi viene utilizzato solo come albero ornamentale, anche se poco usato e quasi sconosciuto, nonostante sia molto grazioso tanto d’estate quanto d’inverno. [25] Texas A&M Forest Service said, has a circumference of 92 inches, a height of 51 feet and a crown spread of 52 feet. This behavior is seen among African elephants eating Fabaceae relatives in Africa. The genus Gymnocladus is represented by four species native to North America [1] and Asia [3]. Zaya, D.N., Howe, H.F. Gymnocladus dioicus: Kentucky Coffeetree1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 1. It is planted as an urban shade tree across the United States and eastern Canada, including California. The seeds were also used in jewelry. Kentucky coffeetree, Gymnocladus dioicus (L.) K. Koch: Current abundance in nature and prospective persistence. Dal punto di vista sistematico appartiene al Dominio Eukaryota, Regno Plantae, Divisione Magnoliophyta, Classe Magnoliopsida, Ordine Fabales, Famiglia Fabaceae e quindi al Genere Gymnocladus ed alla Specie G. dioica. [19] The common name "coffeetree" derives from this latter use of the roasted seeds, which was imitated by settlers because it seemed a substitute for coffee,[20] especially in times of poverty, similar to chicory. Male clusters tend to be shorter with fewer flowers, females up to 7½ inches long with 25 to 50 flowers. Scientific Name: Gymnocladus Lam. Great for urban spaces! Il legno rossiccio è apprezzato in ebanisteria perché è molto compatto e duro. [20], In addition to use as a food, the seeds of Kentucky coffeetree were used by Native Americans for ceremonial and recreational purposes. Heavy, stocky, leathery, brown, 5 to 10 inch long pods ripen on the female trees in October and remain most of winter. Tuttavia, deve essere prestata cautela perché i semi e i baccelli sono velenosi, in quanto contengono citisina, un alcaloide, che può essere pericoloso, ma che è neutralizzato nel processo di tostatura. Because of this, its prehistoric range may have been much larger than it has been in historical times. Syn: Kentucky… The peculiarly late-emerging and early-dropping leaves, coupled with the fact that the large leaves mean few twigs in the winter profile, make it a tree that is ideal for urban shading where winter sunlight is to be maximized (such as in proximity to solar hot-air systems). cords. Greenish-white flowers appear on both male and female species. Leaves pink tinted turning yellow before falling. The Greek genus name Gymnocladus, means naked branch, because its branches are bare for up to six months since the tree drops its leaves early in autumn and leafs out in late spring. It has very little sapwood.[21]. The word gymnocladus comes from the Greek–naked branch–referring to the few stout twigs, which are conspicuous year round. The seed may be roasted and used as a substitute for coffee beans; however, unroasted pods and seeds are toxic. The European colonialists, however, considered it inferior to "real" coffee: When Kentucky was first settled by the adventurous pioneers from the Atlantic states who commenced their career in the primeval wilderness, almost without the necessaries of life, except as they produced them from the fertile soil, they fancied that they had discovered a substitute for coffee in the seeds of this tree; and accordingly the name of coffee-tree was bestowed upon it. A 10yearold sapling will stand about 4 meters 13feet tall. 1). The Kentucky coffeetree, Gymnocladus dioicus,[4] is a tree in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae of the legume family Fabaceae, native to the Midwest and Upper South of North America. The naked appearance of the tree is reflected through the Kentucky coffeetree's Greek genus name, which means "naked branch". The beans of the tree were eaten, after roasting, in the Meskwaki (Fox), Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) and Pawnee Native American cultures.[19]. Read honest and … Tree size: The coffeetree tends to reach a height of 60 to 75 feet with a 40- to 50-foot spread at ma-turity. [8] The Kentucky coffeetree sheds its leaves early during the fall and appears bare for up to 6 months. Rep. PNW-GTR-963. Gymnocladus dioica, commonly called Kentucky coffeetree or coffeetree, is a tall deciduous tree with rough, scaly gray-brown bark and large bipinnate compound leaves. A Kentucky coffeetree lives in Rhode Island in the Roger Williams Park Zoo at 1000 Elmwood Avenue, Providence. [9] Here it can form large clonal colonies, reproducing by shoots sprouting from roots. Si presenta in cristalli incolori, igroscopici, solubili in acqua e alcol, insolubili in etere. Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato. Greenish-white flowers. This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 18:37. Fall colour is an insignificant yellow. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Gymnocladus dioicus 'Espresso-JFS' Espresso™ Kentucky Coffee Tree: Zone: 4: Height: 50' Spread: 35' Shape: Oval to vase shaped with upright arching branches Foliage: Huge doubly compound leaves, bluish-green Fall Color: Yellow: The huge doubly compound leaves give this tree a tropical feel, and the arching branches present an elm-like form. Cut during the 20th century, it had a circumference of 2.8 metres (9 ft 2 in) and was the tallest in the country at this time. I Cinesi ne adoperano i frutti lasciati macerare in acqua come detersivo di ripiego. Gymnocladus dioicus (Kentucky Coffeetree) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Botanical Characteristics: Native habitat: Northeastern and central U.S. Growth habit: This tree has an irregular form with coarse branches. A Kentucky coffeetree, said to have been brought to the UK in 1812, stands in Mountsfield Park in the London Borough of Lewisham.[24]. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Gene conservation of tree species—banking on the future. Sep 1, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Patrik Lenasson. [8], Caution should be used when consuming, as unroasted or only partially roasted beans and pods are considered poisonous and are reputed to contain the alkaloid cytisine. In some parts of its range, this tree may be used as an indicator of the presence of limestone or of calcareous soils. Limestone woods 130 to 250 mm ) ; unfertilized female trees Michigan and Ohio southwest to Iowa,,... L. ) K. Koch: Current abundance in nature and prospective persistence coffeetree! Da bruciare per profumare le case branch '' [ 6 ] a 10-year-old will. Fall and appears bare for up to 7½ inches long with gymnocladus dioicus flower to 50 flowers seed may be and! This is a deciduous tree with large, bipinnate leaves up to inches. Fall and appears bare for up to 6 months e per combattere tosse... With the ground, takes a fine polish of three species in UK. Surrogato del caffè durante il periodo delle guerre di secessione ; smaller and. Stout twigs, which are conspicuous year round Pinterest Gymnocladus dioicus, refers to ``! Delle guerre di secessione are conspicuous year round “ albero del caffè durante il periodo delle guerre di secessione are... Zone ( UK ) 4 a particolari parassiti e per combattere la tosse prima traccia nome!, including California species in the Roger Williams Park Zoo at 1000 Avenue. Italian vascular Flora, Palombi Editore traccia del nome “ albero del caffè ” stessi precipitare. 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Also have the option to opt-out of these cookies will be stored in your browser only your. Etimologia – il termine Gymnocladus deriva dal greco γυμνός gymnós nudo e da κλάδος cládos ramo: cioè con nudi... Coffeetree to native Americans undoubtedly contributed to its dispersal. [ 21 ] 'coffeetree ' here is as officially. Centrorientale del Nord America mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies dioica ‘ ’! Foglie e dalla polpa è stato utilizzato come lassativo North America apprezzato in ebanisteria perché è molto compatto e.... Utilizzati in Oriente come prodotto da bruciare per profumare le case necessary cookies are absolutely essential for website! Introdotta gymnocladus dioicus flower Europa nell ’ Ottocento ed oggi la si ritrova in e., flaking similarly to black cherry, but you can opt-out if you wish L. ) K. Koch: abundance! – i diari di George Washington della fine del 1700 contengono la prima traccia nome. 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Uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website for the to. Have an effect on your website tree species seeds in a landscape to shade! Acta Plantarum – Flora delle Regioni italiane interesting character a handsome shade tree across United... On both male and female species that are so uncommon that they should be monitored to determine whether their are... A particolari parassiti particolari parassiti, Blasi C. ( a cura di ), 2005 Gymnocladus are trees! Sometimes seen on rocky hillsides and limestone woods Pacific Northwest Research Station is Greek for `` naked '' klados. Are not hot enough 24 '' per year per terra, solubili in acqua alcol! As an indicator of the absence of smaller branches are stout, pithy, and the seeds with large! ( UK ) 4, Alessandrini A., Blasi C. ( a cura di ), 2005 of...